Tying Instructions: Zoo Cougar
1. Tie the thread at the 1/3 position of the hook shank and trim the tag end off. Starting the thread here is important as it is where the body will end and the head will be constructed.
Step One
2. Wrap the thread to the bend of the hook. This is the tail tie-in position which is standard for many patterns. You can check this location by dropping the bobbin and see that the thread is just at the base of the barb.
Step Two
3. Select a marabou plume. Wet the plume to make it easier to handle. Measure the plume to that the tail length will be equal to the length of the shank, ie from the eye to the bend of the hook.
Step Three
4. Tie the marabou in the the bend of the hook with the material against the shank closest to you.
Step Four
5. Wrap the thread around the marabou against the shank up to the 1/3 position. Trim off the excess marabou and wrap the thread back to the tail tie-in position
Step Five
6. Next, tie in a second plume of marabou for the tail on the far side of the shank. Position the tail so that it is even with the first plume. Secure the material with thread wraps against the shank up to the 1/3 position. This will really help bulk up the body. Trim off the excess. Wrap the thread back to the tail tie-in position.
Step Six
7. Tie in Pearl Diamond Braid at the tail tie-in position. You can also use Pearl Estaz or Pearl Crystal Chenille or Pearl Ice Dubbing. Bring the thread up to the 1/3 position.
Step Seven
8. Wrap the Diamond Braid forward to the 1/3 position. Keep these wraps tight! I tend to overlap the material slightly more as I wrap towards the eye in order to get a slight taper. Secure the tag end and trim. Step Eight
9. Clip a section of calf tail hair that is fairly straight. Clean the underfur out with a fine comb. Measure the material so that it is the length from the 1/3 postion to the end of the hook at the bend. Trim the base of the hair in a slant cut so that all the the hair butts lay equally upon the hook shank just in front of the body. Secure with tight thread wraps.
Step Nine
10. Select a mallard flank feather which has a straight guill. A lot of the flank feathers have a twist which will not work on this pattern. Postion the flank feather to the top of the shank so the the guill is in line with the shank. The end of the mallard flank should be barely longer than the tail. Secure with thread wraps. The quill is flat so this really helps to get the feather to lay flat, too. Step Ten
11. Select a second Mallard Flank feather with the same attributes. Lay this feather exactly on top of the first one. The end of the feathers should just go beyond the tail. Secure with thread wraps and trim off the butts. Step Eleven
12. The flank feathers should lay flat and lined up with the hook shank. This is critical in order to get the pattern to retrieve without twisting. The pattern is designed to move in a side to side manner with the pearl body always positioned down. Step Twelve
13. Cut a section of Yellow dyed Deer Hair. Make sure that you have good hair from a early season hide without a lot of underfur and one that has good markings. The hair should be corse and have a slight waviness to the hair at the base. Use your comb to clean out any underfur. Step Thirteen
14. Place the fur tips down in a hair stacker to even the tips. Note the distinct band marks of the hair. Remove the hair with your left hand by the tips so you can measure the needed length. Step Fourteen
15. Transfer the hair section to your right hand and measure the hair so that it is about 1/3 the shank length. Bring your left hand and secure the exposed hair between your thumb and index finger. Now trim off the butts, leaving a section of hair in your left hand that is the proper length and the tips are even. Step Fifteen
16. Position the hair butts just in front of the underwing. Secure with 3 tight wraps about 1/8 inch from the end of the butts. Lay these wraps directly over each other. Now, use your thumb to push the collars hairs back and lay down. Secure the rest of the butt ends with thread wraps. A drop of super glue upon the wraps will help to secure. Step Sixteen
17. Cut another section of Deer Hair and trim off the tips. Use your comb to get all the underfur out. Don't worry about stacking, it's all getting trimmed. Place the hair just in front of the collar. Step Seventeen
18. Now, Let's spin! Make three wraps around the center of the bundle with each one getting a little tighter. On the second one you should see the hair rotate around the hook shank. The third and fourth turn should lock it in and keep it from shifting. Make a few more turns as you wind through the hair coming forward to tie in the last clump. Step Eighteen
19. Push the hair back with your thumb nail against the shank just behind the eye. This stacks the hair but we don't want to stack too tight. After all, this is a underwater streamer that needs to be able to sink. Just create enough room for a second bundle of hair. Step Nineteen
20. Spin a second bundle of hair like you did the first one. Bring the thread forward and secure with a few half hitches behind the eye. Step Twenty
21. Trim the head. Kelly Galloup prefers a double edge razor blade but these are almost impossible to find. The bottom should be trimmed first with a flat cut about 1/16" below the shank. Next, trim the upper head with an eliptical shape, not round, but sort of squashed. Step Twentyone
22. Finished Product. Step Twentytwo

©2010 Steve Schalla
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